Sir Winston S. Churchill (1874 – 1965) was a British statesman, army officer, and writer. He was Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, when he led the United Kingdom to victory in the Second World War. Widely considered one of the 20th century's most significant figures, Churchill remains popular in the UK and Western world, where he is seen as a victorious wartime leader who played an important role in defending Europe's liberal democracy from the spread of fascism.
Also praised as a social reformer and writer, among his many awards was the Nobel Prize in Literature. Churchill feared a global conflagration and firmly believed that the only way to preserve peace and freedom was to build
on a solid foundation of friendship and co-operation between the United Kingdom and America. He made
four official transatlantic visits from 1952 to 1954.